Canary Paradise > Culture > Tenerife Culture

The Guanches and the Spanish domination

The colonization of the island began in the Middle Ages and lasted almost 100 years (1402-1496). It was finally Don Alonso Fernandez de Lugo who after fierce battles with the Guanches between 1494 and 1496, landed on the island. Tenerife was very difficult to subdue, because the Guanches, who lived in caves since Neolithic times, put up a brutal resistance to the invader that came overseas.

The origin of Tenerife

The origin of Tenerife, undoubtedly lies in the volcanic and seismic activity that millions of years ago emerged from the Atlantic Ocean. There is an ancient legend that says that the islands are what remains of the mythical lost continent of Atlantis, which underpins this legend in the famous dialogues of Plato.

The first contact

The Canary Islands are also told by the ancient inhabitants of the Mediterranean with the name "Happy Islands, Garden of the Hesperides or Elysian Fields." The first contacts between the Islanders and the peoples of the Mediterranean dating from the Middle Ages, between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. All due to the thirst for wealth of the Genoese merchants, Spanish and Portuguese, who began to go beyond the Hercules towers.

Spanish colonization

The Spanish colonization of the island began in the Middle Ages when, in 1494, Don Alfonso Fernandez de Lugo landed on the island. Tenerife was very difficult to achieve because the Guanches, the Neolithic people who lived in caves, put up a strong resistance and only finally able to land two years later, in 1496.

Many Guanches were killed and the prisoners lived in slavery or were sold at major ports of the Mediterranean.

Some Guanches Menceyes

Beneharo (Anaga)

Adjona (Abona)

Romen (Daute)

Acaymo (Tacoronte)